Config.php Parameters

ownCloud uses the config/config.php file to control server operations. config/config.sample.php lists all the configurable parameters within ownCloud, along with example or default values. This document provides a more detailed reference. Most options are configurable on your Admin page, so it is usually not necessary to edit config/config.php.


The installer creates a configuration containing the essential parameters. Only manually add configuration parameters to config/config.php if you need to use a special value for a parameter. Do not copy everything from config/config.sample.php . Only enter the parameters you wish to modify!

ownCloud supports loading configuration parameters from multiple files. You can add arbitrary files ending with .config.php in the config/ directory, for example you could place your email server configuration in email.config.php. This allows you to easily create and manage custom configurations, or to divide a large complex configuration file into a set of smaller files. These custom files are not overwritten by ownCloud, and the values in these files take precedence over config.php.

Default Parameters

These parameters are configured by the ownCloud installer, and are required for your ownCloud server to operate.

'instanceid' => '',

This is a unique identifier for your ownCloud installation, created automatically by the installer. This example is for documentation only, and you should never use it because it will not work. A valid instanceid is created when you install ownCloud.

‘instanceid’ => ‘d3c944a9a’,

'passwordsalt' => '',

The salt used to hash all passwords, auto-generated by the ownCloud installer. (There are also per-user salts.) If you lose this salt you lose all your passwords. This example is for documentation only, and you should never use it.

'trusted_domains' =>
  array (

Your list of trusted domains that users can log into. Specifying trusted domains prevents host header poisoning. Do not remove this, as it performs necessary security checks.

'datadirectory' => '/var/www/owncloud/data',

Where user files are stored; this defaults to data/ in the ownCloud directory. The SQLite database is also stored here, when you use SQLite.

(SQLite is not available in ownCloud Enterprise Edition)

'version' => '',

The current version number of your ownCloud installation. This is set up during installation and update, so you shouldn’t need to change it.

'version.hide' => false,

While hardening an ownCloud instance hiding the version information in status.php can be a legitimate step. Please consult the documentation before enabling this.

'dbtype' => 'sqlite',

Identifies the database used with this installation. See also config option supportedDatabases

  • sqlite (SQLite3 - Not in Enterprise Edition)
  • mysql (MySQL/MariaDB)
  • pgsql (PostgreSQL)
  • oci (Oracle - Enterprise Edition Only)
'dbhost' => '',

Your host server name, for example localhost, hostname,, or the IP address. To specify a port use hostname:####; to specify a Unix socket use localhost:/path/to/socket.

'dbname' => 'owncloud',

The name of the ownCloud database, which is set during installation. You should not need to change this.

'dbuser' => '',

The user that ownCloud uses to write to the database. This must be unique across ownCloud instances using the same SQL database. This is set up during installation, so you shouldn’t need to change it.

'dbpassword' => '',

The password for the database user. This is set up during installation, so you shouldn’t need to change it.

'dbtableprefix' => '',

Prefix for the ownCloud tables in the database.

'installed' => false,

Indicates whether the ownCloud instance was installed successfully; true indicates a successful installation, and false indicates an unsuccessful installation.

'operation.mode' => 'single-instance'

Indicates whether the ownCloud instance is running in single or clustered instance mode.

Default config.php Examples

When you use SQLite as your ownCloud database, your config.php looks like this after installation. The SQLite database is stored in your ownCloud data/ directory. SQLite is a simple, lightweight embedded database that is good for testing and for simple installations, but for production ownCloud systems you should use MySQL, MariaDB, or PostgreSQL.

$CONFIG = array (
  'instanceid' => 'occ6f7365735',
  'passwordsalt' => '2c5778476346786306303',
  'trusted_domains' =>
  array (
    0 => 'localhost',
    1 => 'studio',
  'datadirectory' => '/var/www/owncloud/data',
  'dbtype' => 'sqlite3',
  'version' => '',
  'installed' => true,
  'operation.mode' => 'single-instance',

This example is from a new ownCloud installation using MariaDB

$CONFIG = array (
  'instanceid' => 'oc8c0fd71e03',
  'passwordsalt' => '515a13302a6b3950a9d0fdb970191a',
  'trusted_domains' =>
  array (
    0 => 'localhost',
    1 => 'studio',
    2 => ''
  'datadirectory' => '/var/www/owncloud/data',
  'dbtype' => 'mysql',
   'version' => '',
  'dbname' => 'owncloud',
  'dbhost' => 'localhost',
  'dbtableprefix' => 'oc_',
  'dbuser' => 'oc_carla',
  'dbpassword' => '67336bcdf7630dd80b2b81a413d07',
  'installed' => true,
  'operation.mode' => 'single-instance',

Mode of Operation

ownCloud can operate as either a single instance or as a clustered instance. This operations mode has various impacts on ownCloud’s behavior.

A single instance, the default, means that ownCloud is running on a single node (likely, the most common operating mode). A clustered instance means that ownCloud is running on at least 2 nodes, if not more.

In single instance mode, all of the standard functionality, including installing, updating, and removing apps via the Market App are fully-supported. In clustered instance mode, installing, updating, and removing apps via the Market App are not supported. Systems administrators can, however, manually install or update apps from the marketplace, by adding them to the apps folder in each instance in the cluster. Configuration management tools like Ansible, Chef or Puppet are recommended.

To specify the mode of operation, adjust the configuration operation.mode setting accordingly. The available values are clustered-instance and single-instance.

User Experience

These optional parameters control some aspects of the user interface. Default values, where present, are shown.

'default_language' => 'en',

This sets the default language on your ownCloud server, using ISO_639-1 language codes such as en for English, de for German, and fr for French. It overrides automatic language detection on public pages like login or shared items. User’s language preferences configured under “personal -> language” override this setting after they have logged in.

'defaultapp' => 'files',

Set the default app to open on login. Use the app names as they appear in the URL after clicking them in the Apps menu, such as documents, calendar, and gallery. You can use a comma-separated list of app names, so if the first app is not enabled for a user then ownCloud will try the second one, and so on. If no enabled apps are found it defaults to the Files app.

'knowledgebaseenabled' => true,

true enables the Help menu item in the user menu (top right of the ownCloud Web interface). false removes the Help item.

'enable_avatars' => true,

true enables avatars, or user profile photos. These appear on the User page, on user’s Personal pages and are used by some apps (contacts, mail, etc). false disables them.

'allow_user_to_change_display_name' => true,

true allows users to change their display names (on their Personal pages), and false prevents them from changing their display names.

'remember_login_cookie_lifetime' => 60*60*24*15,

Lifetime of the remember login cookie, which is set when the user clicks the remember checkbox on the login screen. The default is 15 days, expressed in seconds.

'session_lifetime' => 60 * 60 * 24,

The lifetime of a session after inactivity; the default is 24 hours, expressed in seconds.

'session_keepalive' => true,

Enable or disable session keep-alive when a user is logged in to the Web UI.

Enabling this sends a “heartbeat” to the server to keep it from timing out.

'token_auth_enforced' => false,

Enforce token authentication for clients, which blocks requests using the user password for enhanced security. Users need to generate tokens in personal settings which can be used as passwords on their clients.

'csrf.disabled' => false,

Disable ownCloud’s built-in CSRF protection mechanism.

In some specific setups CSRF protection is handled in the environment, e.g., by running F5 ASM. In these cases the built-in mechanism is not needed and can be disabled. Generally speaking, however, this config switch should be left unchanged.


Leave this as is if you’re not sure what it does.

'skeletondirectory' => '/path/to/owncloud/core/skeleton',

The directory where the skeleton files are located. These files will be copied to the data directory of new users. Leave empty to not copy any skeleton files.

'user_backends' => array(
                'class' => 'OC_User_IMAP',
                'arguments' => array('{}INBOX')

The user_backends app (which needs to be enabled first) allows you to configure alternate authentication backends. Supported backends are: IMAP (OC_User_IMAP), SMB (OC_User_SMB), and FTP (OC_User_FTP).

'lost_password_link' => '',

If your user backend does not allow to reset the password (e.g. when it’s a read-only user backend like LDAP), you can specify a custom link, where the user is redirected to, when clicking the “reset password” link after a failed login-attempt.

Mail Parameters

These configure the email settings for ownCloud notifications and password resets.

'mail_domain' => '',

The return address that you want to appear on emails sent by the ownCloud server, for example, substituting your own domain, of course.

'mail_from_address' => 'owncloud',

FROM address that overrides the built-in sharing-noreply and lostpassword-noreply FROM addresses.

'mail_smtpdebug' => false,

Enable SMTP class debugging.

'mail_smtpmode' => 'sendmail',

Which mode to use for sending mail: sendmail, smtp, qmail or php.

If you are using local or remote SMTP, set this to smtp.

If you are using PHP mail you must have an installed and working email system on the server. The program used to send email is defined in the php.ini file.

For the sendmail option you need an installed and working email system on the server, with /usr/sbin/sendmail installed on your Unix system.

For qmail the binary is /var/qmail/bin/sendmail, and it must be installed on your Unix system.

'mail_smtphost' => '',

This depends on mail_smtpmode. Specify the IP address of your mail server host. This may contain multiple hosts separated by a semi-colon. If you need to specify the port number append it to the IP address separated by a colon, like this:

'mail_smtpport' => 25,

This depends on mail_smtpmode. Specify the port for sending mail.

'mail_smtptimeout' => 10,

This depends on mail_smtpmode. This sets the SMTP server timeout, in seconds. You may need to increase this if you are running an anti-malware or spam scanner.

'mail_smtpsecure' => '',

This depends on mail_smtpmode. Specify when you are using ssl or tls, or leave empty for no encryption.

'mail_smtpauth' => false,

This depends on mail_smtpmode. Change this to true if your mail server requires authentication.

'mail_smtpauthtype' => 'LOGIN',

This depends on mail_smtpmode. If SMTP authentication is required, choose the authentication type as LOGIN (default) or PLAIN.

'mail_smtpname' => '',

This depends on mail_smtpauth. Specify the username for authenticating to the SMTP server.

'mail_smtppassword' => '',

This depends on mail_smtpauth. Specify the password for authenticating to the SMTP server.

Proxy Configurations

'overwritehost' => '',

The automatic hostname detection of ownCloud can fail in certain reverse proxy and CLI/cron situations. This option allows you to manually override the automatic detection; for example, or specify the port

'overwriteprotocol' => '',

When generating URLs, ownCloud attempts to detect whether the server is accessed via https or http. However, if ownCloud is behind a proxy and the proxy handles the https calls, ownCloud would not know that ssl is in use, which would result in incorrect URLs being generated.

Valid values are http and https.

'overwritewebroot' => '',

ownCloud attempts to detect the webroot for generating URLs automatically.

For example, if is the URL pointing to the ownCloud instance, the webroot is /owncloud. When proxies are in use, it may be difficult for ownCloud to detect this parameter, resulting in invalid URLs.

'overwritecondaddr' => '',

This option allows you to define a manual override condition as a regular expression for the remote IP address. For example, defining a range of IP addresses starting with 10.0.0. and ending with 1 to 3: ^10\.0\.0\.[1-3]$

'overwrite.cli.url' => '',

Use this configuration parameter to specify the base URL for any URLs which are generated within ownCloud using any kind of command line tools (cron or occ). The value should contain the full base URL:

'htaccess.RewriteBase' => '/',

To have clean URLs without /index.php this parameter needs to be configured.

This parameter will be written as “RewriteBase” on update and installation of ownCloud to your .htaccess file. While this value is often simply the URL path of the ownCloud installation it cannot be set automatically properly in every scenario and needs thus some manual configuration.

In a standard Apache setup this usually equals the folder that ownCloud is accessible at. So if ownCloud is accessible via “” the correct value would most likely be “/owncloud”. If ownCloud is running under “” then it would be “/”.

Note that above rule is not valid in every case, there are some rare setup cases where this may not apply. However, to avoid any update problems this configuration value is explicitly opt-in.

After setting this value run occ maintenance:update:htaccess and when following conditions are met ownCloud uses URLs without index.php in it:

  • mod_rewrite is installed
  • mod_env is installed
'proxy' => '',

The URL of your proxy server, for example

'proxyuserpwd' => '',

The optional authentication for the proxy to use to connect to the internet.

The format is: username:password.

Deleted Items (trash bin)

These parameters control the Deleted files app.

'trashbin_retention_obligation' => 'auto',

If the trash bin app is enabled (default), this setting defines the policy for when files and folders in the trash bin will be permanently deleted.

The app allows for two settings, a minimum time for trash bin retention, and a maximum time for trash bin retention. Minimum time is the number of days a file will be kept, after which it may be deleted. Maximum time is the number of days at which it is guaranteed to be deleted. Both minimum and maximum times can be set together to explicitly define file and folder deletion. For migration purposes, this setting is installed initially set to “auto”, which is equivalent to the default setting in ownCloud 8.1 and before.

Available values:

  • auto
    default setting. keeps files and folders in the trash bin for 30 days and automatically deletes anytime after that if space is needed (note: files may not be deleted if space is not needed).
  • D, auto
    keeps files and folders in the trash bin for D+ days, delete anytime if space needed (note: files may not be deleted if space is not needed)
  • auto, D
    delete all files in the trash bin that are older than D days automatically, delete other files anytime if space needed
  • D1, D2
    keep files and folders in the trash bin for at least D1 days and delete when exceeds D2 days
  • disabled
    trash bin auto clean disabled, files and folders will be kept forever

File versions

These parameters control the Versions app.

'versions_retention_obligation' => 'auto',

If the versions app is enabled (default), this setting defines the policy for when versions will be permanently deleted.

The app allows for two settings, a minimum time for version retention, and a maximum time for version retention. Minimum time is the number of days a version will be kept, after which it may be deleted. Maximum time is the number of days at which it is guaranteed to be deleted. Both minimum and maximum times can be set together to explicitly define version deletion. For migration purposes, this setting is installed initially set to “auto”, which is equivalent to the default setting in ownCloud 8.1 and before.

Available values:

  • auto
    default setting. Automatically expire versions according to expire rules. Please refer to Controlling File Versions and Aging for more information.
  • D, auto
    keep versions at least for D days, apply expire rules to all versions that are older than D days
  • auto, D
    delete all versions that are older than D days automatically, delete other versions according to expire rules
  • D1, D2
    keep versions for at least D1 days and delete when exceeds D2 days
  • disabled
    versions auto clean disabled, versions will be kept forever

ownCloud Verifications

ownCloud performs several verification checks. There are two options, true and false.

'appcodechecker' => true,

Checks an app before install whether it uses private APIs instead of the proper public APIs. If this is set to true it will only allow to install or enable apps that pass this check.

'updatechecker' => true,

Check if ownCloud is up-to-date and shows a notification if a new version is available.

'updater.server.url' => '',

URL that ownCloud should use to look for updates

'has_internet_connection' => true,

Is ownCloud connected to the Internet or running in a closed network?

'check_for_working_webdav' => true,

Allows ownCloud to verify a working WebDAV connection. This is done by attempting to make a WebDAV request from PHP.

'check_for_working_wellknown_setup' => true,

Allows ownCloud to verify a working .well-known URL redirects. This is done by attempting to make a request from JS to

'check_for_working_htaccess' => true,

This is a crucial security check on Apache servers that should always be set to true. This verifies that the .htaccess file is writable and works.

If it is not, then any options controlled by .htaccess, such as large file uploads, will not work. It also runs checks on the data/ directory, which verifies that it can’t be accessed directly through the Web server.

'config_is_read_only' => false,

In certain environments it is desired to have a read-only configuration file.

When this switch is set to true ownCloud will not verify whether the configuration is writable. However, it will not be possible to configure all options via the Web interface. Furthermore, when updating ownCloud it is required to make the configuration file writable again for the update process.


'log_type' => 'owncloud',

By default the ownCloud logs are sent to the owncloud.log file in the default ownCloud data directory.

If syslogging is desired, set this parameter to syslog. Setting this parameter to errorlog will use the PHP error_log function for logging.

'logfile' => '/var/log/owncloud.log',

Log file path for the ownCloud logging type.

Defaults to [datadirectory]/owncloud.log

'loglevel' => 2,

Loglevel to start logging at. Valid values are: 0 = Debug, 1 = Info, 2 = Warning, 3 = Error, and 4 = Fatal. The default value is Warning.

'syslog_tag' => 'ownCloud',

If you maintain different instances and aggregate the logs, you may want to distinguish between them. syslog_tag can be set per instance with a unique id. Only available if log_type is set to syslog.

The default value is ownCloud.

'log.conditions' => [
                'shared_secret' => '57b58edb6637fe3059b3595cf9c41b9',
                'users' => ['user1'],
                'apps' => ['files_texteditor'],
                'logfile' => '/tmp/test.log'
                'shared_secret' => '57b58edb6637fe3059b3595cf9c41b9',
                'users' => ['user1'],
                'apps' => ['gallery'],
                'logfile' => '/tmp/gallery.log'

Log condition for log level increase based on conditions. Once one of these conditions is met, the required log level is set to debug. This allows to debug specific requests, users or apps

Supported conditions:
  • shared_secret: if a request parameter with the name log_secret is set to
    this value the condition is met
  • users: if the current request is done by one of the specified users,
    this condition is met
  • apps: if the log message is invoked by one of the specified apps,
    this condition is met
  • logfile: the log message invoked by the specified apps get redirected to
    this logfile, this condition is met Note: Not applicapable when using syslog.

Defaults to an empty array.

'logdateformat' => 'F d, Y H:i:s',

This uses formatting; see

'logtimezone' => 'Europe/Berlin',

The default timezone for logfiles is UTC. You may change this; see

'log_query' => false,

Append all database queries and parameters to the log file. Use this only for debugging, as your logfile will become huge.

'cron_log' => true,

Log successful cron runs.

'log_rotate_size' => false,

Enables log rotation and limits the total size of logfiles. The default is 0, or no rotation. Specify a size in bytes, for example 104857600 (100 megabytes = 100 * 1024 * 1024 bytes). A new logfile is created with a new name when the old logfile reaches your limit. If a rotated log file is already present, it will be overwritten.

Alternate Code Locations

Some of the ownCloud code may be stored in alternate locations.

'customclient_desktop' =>
'customclient_android' =>
'customclient_ios' =>

This section is for configuring the download links for ownCloud clients, as seen in the first-run wizard and on Personal pages.


Options for the Apps folder, Apps store, and App code checker.

'appstoreenabled' => true,

When enabled, admins may install apps from the ownCloud Marketplace.

'appstoreurl' => '',

The URL of the appstore to use.

'appstore.experimental.enabled' => false,

Whether to show experimental apps in the appstore interface

Experimental apps are not checked for security issues and are new or known to be unstable and under heavy development. Installing these can cause data loss or security breaches.

Use the apps_paths parameter to set the location of the Apps directory, which should be scanned for available apps, and where user-specific apps should be installed from the Apps store. The path defines the absolute file system path to the app folder. The key url defines the HTTP Web path to that folder, starting from the ownCloud webroot. The key writable indicates if a Web server can write files to that folder. ————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————————

'appcodechecker' => true,

Checks an app before install whether it uses private APIs instead of the proper public APIs. If this is set to true it will only allow to install or enable apps that pass this check.


ownCloud supports previews of image files, the covers of MP3 files, and text files. These options control enabling and disabling previews, and thumbnail size.

'enable_previews' => true,

By default, ownCloud can generate previews for the following filetypes:

  • Image files
  • Covers of MP3 files
  • Text documents

Valid values are true, to enable previews, or false, to disable previews

'preview_max_x' => 2048,

The maximum width, in pixels, of a preview. A value of null means there is no limit.

'preview_max_y' => 2048,

The maximum height, in pixels, of a preview. A value of null means there is no limit.

'preview_max_scale_factor' => 10,

If a lot of small pictures are stored on the ownCloud instance and the preview system generates blurry previews, you might want to consider setting a maximum scale factor. By default, pictures are upscaled to 10 times the original size. A value of 1 or null disables scaling.

'preview_max_filesize_image' => 50,

max file size for generating image previews with imagegd (default behaviour) If the image is bigger, it’ll try other preview generators, but will most likely show the default mimetype icon

Value represents the maximum filesize in megabytes Default is 50 Set to -1 for no limit

'preview_libreoffice_path' => '/usr/bin/libreoffice',

custom path for LibreOffice/OpenOffice binary

'preview_office_cl_parameters' =>
        ' --headless --nologo --nofirststartwizard --invisible --norestore '.
        '--convert-to pdf --outdir ',

Use this if LibreOffice/OpenOffice requires additional arguments.

'enabledPreviewProviders' => array(

Only register providers that have been explicitly enabled

The following providers are enabled by default:

  • OC\Preview\PNG
  • OC\Preview\JPEG
  • OC\Preview\GIF
  • OC\Preview\BMP
  • OC\Preview\XBitmap
  • OC\Preview\MarkDown
  • OC\Preview\MP3
  • OC\Preview\TXT

The following providers are disabled by default due to performance or privacy concerns:

  • OC\Preview\Illustrator
  • OC\Preview\Movie
  • OC\Preview\MSOffice2003
  • OC\Preview\MSOffice2007
  • OC\Preview\MSOfficeDoc
  • OC\Preview\OpenDocument
  • OC\Preview\PDF
  • OC\Preview\Photoshop
  • OC\Preview\Postscript
  • OC\Preview\StarOffice
  • OC\Preview\SVG
  • OC\Preview\TIFF
  • OC\Preview\Font

The following providers are not available in Microsoft Windows:

  • OC\Preview\Movie
  • OC\Preview\MSOfficeDoc
  • OC\Preview\MSOffice2003
  • OC\Preview\MSOffice2007
  • OC\Preview\OpenDocument
  • OC\Preview\StarOffice


Global settings used by LDAP User and Group Backend

'ldapUserCleanupInterval' => 51,

This defines the interval in minutes for the background job that checks user existence and marks them as ready to be cleaned up. The number is always minutes. Setting it to 0 disables the feature.


Global settings for the Comments infrastructure

'comments.managerFactory' => '\OC\Comments\ManagerFactory',

Replaces the default Comments Manager Factory. This can be utilized if an own or 3rdParty CommentsManager should be used that – for instance – uses the filesystem instead of the database to keep the comments.

'systemtags.managerFactory' => '\OC\SystemTag\ManagerFactory',

Replaces the default System Tags Manager Factory. This can be utilized if an own or 3rdParty SystemTagsManager should be used that – for instance – uses the filesystem instead of the database to keep the comments.


These options are for halting user activity when you are performing server maintenance.

'maintenance' => false,

Enable maintenance mode to disable ownCloud

If you want to prevent users from logging in to ownCloud before you start doing some maintenance work, you need to set the value of the maintenance parameter to true. Please keep in mind that users who are already logged-in are kicked out of ownCloud instantly.

'singleuser' => false,

When set to true, the ownCloud instance will be unavailable for all users who are not in the admin group.


'openssl' => array(
        'config' => '/absolute/location/of/openssl.cnf',

Extra SSL options to be used for configuration.

'enable_certificate_management' => false,

Allow the configuration of system wide trusted certificates

Memory caching backend configuration

Available cache backends:

  • \OC\Memcache\APC Alternative PHP Cache backend
  • \OC\Memcache\APCu APC user backend
  • \OC\Memcache\ArrayCache In-memory array-based backend (not recommended)
  • \OC\Memcache\Memcached Memcached backend
  • \OC\Memcache\Redis Redis backend
  • \OC\Memcache\XCache XCache backend

Advice on choosing between the various backends:

  • APCu should be easiest to install. Almost all distributions have packages. Use this for single user environment for all caches.
  • Use Redis or Memcached for distributed environments. For the local cache (you can configure two) take APCu.
'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\APCu',

Memory caching backend for locally stored data

  • Used for host-specific data, e.g. file paths
'memcache.distributed' => '\OC\Memcache\Memcached',

Memory caching backend for distributed data

  • Used for installation-specific data, e.g. database caching
  • If unset, defaults to the value of memcache.local
'redis' => [
        'host' => 'localhost', // can also be a unix domain socket: '/tmp/redis.sock'
        'port' => 6379,
        'timeout' => 0.0,
        'password' => '', // Optional, if not defined no password will be used.
        'dbindex' => 0, // Optional, if undefined SELECT will not run and will use Redis Server's default DB Index.

Connection details for redis to use for memory caching in a single server configuration.

For enhanced security it is recommended to configure Redis to require a password. See for more information.

'redis.cluster' => [
        'seeds' => [ // provide some/all of the cluster servers to bootstrap discovery, port required
        'timeout' => 0.0,
        'read_timeout' => 0.0,
        'failover_mode' => \RedisCluster::FAILOVER_DISTRIBUTE

Connection details for a Redis Cluster

Only for use with Redis Clustering, for Sentinel-based setups use the single server configuration above, and perform HA on the hostname.

Redis Cluster support requires the php module phpredis in version 3.0.0 or higher.

Available failover modes:
  • \\RedisCluster::FAILOVER_NONE - only send commands to master nodes (default)
  • \\RedisCluster::FAILOVER_ERROR - failover to slaves for read commands if master is unavailable
  • \\RedisCluster::FAILOVER_DISTRIBUTE - randomly distribute read commands across master and slaves


Make sure that phpredis is properly configured to use Redis Cluster, before attempting to configure it in ownCloud. You can find all the information that you need to do so in the phpredis’ Redis Cluster documentation.

'memcached_servers' => array(
        // hostname, port and optional weight. Also see:
        array('localhost', 11211),
        //array('', 11211),

Server details for one or more memcached servers to use for memory caching.

'memcached_options' => array(
        // Set timeouts to 50ms
        \Memcached::OPT_CONNECT_TIMEOUT => 50,
        \Memcached::OPT_RETRY_TIMEOUT =>   50,
        \Memcached::OPT_SEND_TIMEOUT =>    50,
        \Memcached::OPT_RECV_TIMEOUT =>    50,
        \Memcached::OPT_POLL_TIMEOUT =>    50,

        // Enable compression
        \Memcached::OPT_COMPRESSION =>          true,

        // Turn on consistent hashing
        \Memcached::OPT_LIBKETAMA_COMPATIBLE => true,

        // Enable Binary Protocol
        \Memcached::OPT_BINARY_PROTOCOL =>      true,

        // Binary serializer vill be enabled if the igbinary PECL module is available
        //\Memcached::OPT_SERIALIZER => \Memcached::SERIALIZER_IGBINARY,

Connection options for memcached, see

'cache_path' => '',

Location of the cache folder, defaults to data/$user/cache where $user is the current user. When specified, the format will change to $cache_path/$user where $cache_path is the configured cache directory and $user is the user.

'cache_chunk_gc_ttl' => 86400, // 60*60*24 = 1 day

TTL of chunks located in the cache folder before they’re removed by garbage collection (in seconds). Increase this value if users have issues uploading very large files via the ownCloud Client as upload isn’t completed within one day.

Using Object Store with ownCloud

'objectstore' => [
        'class' => 'OC\\Files\\ObjectStore\\Swift',
        'arguments' => [
                // trystack will user your facebook id as the user name
                'username' => 'facebook100000123456789',
                // in the trystack dashboard go to user -> settings -> API Password to
                // generate a password
                'password' => 'Secr3tPaSSWoRdt7',
                // must already exist in the objectstore, name can be different
                'container' => 'owncloud',
                // prefix to prepend to the fileid, default is 'oid:urn:'
                'objectPrefix' => 'oid:urn:',
                // create the container if it does not exist. default is false
                'autocreate' => true,
                // required, dev-/trystack defaults to 'RegionOne'
                'region' => 'RegionOne',
                // The Identity / Keystone endpoint
                'url' => '',
                // required on dev-/trystack
                'tenantName' => 'facebook100000123456789',
                // dev-/trystack uses swift by default, the lib defaults to 'cloudFiles'
                // if omitted
                'serviceName' => 'swift',
                // The Interface / url Type, optional
                'urlType' => 'internal'

This example shows how to configure ownCloud to store all files in a swift object storage.

It is important to note that ownCloud in object store mode will expect exclusive access to the object store container because it only stores the binary data for each file. The metadata is currently kept in the local database for performance reasons.


The current implementation is incompatible with any app that uses direct file IO and circumvents our virtual filesystem. That includes Encryption and Gallery. Gallery will store thumbnails directly in the filesystem and encryption will cause severe overhead because key files need to be fetched in addition to any requested file.

One way to test is applying for a trystack account at


Global settings for Sharing

'sharing.managerFactory' => '\OC\Share20\ProviderFactory',

Replaces the default Share Provider Factory. This can be utilized if own or 3rdParty Share Providers be used that – for instance – uses the filesystem instead of the database to keep the share information.

All other configuration options

'dbdriveroptions' => array(
        PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_SSL_CA => '/file/path/to/ca_cert.pem',
        PDO::MYSQL_ATTR_INIT_COMMAND => 'SET wait_timeout = 28800'

Additional driver options for the database connection, eg. to enable SSL encryption in MySQL or specify a custom wait timeout on a cheap hoster.

'sqlite.journal_mode' => 'DELETE',

sqlite3 journal mode can be specified using this configuration parameter - can be ‘WAL’ or ‘DELETE’ see for more details

'mysql.utf8mb4' => false,

During setup, if requirements are met (see below), this setting is set to true and MySQL can handle 4 byte characters instead of 3 byte characters.

If you want to convert an existing 3-byte setup into a 4-byte setup please set the parameters in MySQL as mentioned below run the migration command:

./occ db:convert-mysql-charset

The config setting will be set automatically after a successful run.

Consult the documentation for more details.

MySQL requires a special setup for longer indexes (> 767 bytes) which are needed:

Tables will be created with
  • character set: utf8mb4
  • collation: utf8mb4_bin
  • row_format: compressed


'supportedDatabases' => array(

Database types that are supported for installation.

  • sqlite (SQLite3 - Not in Enterprise Edition)
  • mysql (MySQL)
  • pgsql (PostgreSQL)
  • oci (Oracle - Enterprise Edition Only)
'tempdirectory' => '/tmp/owncloudtemp',

Override where ownCloud stores temporary files. Useful in situations where the system temporary directory is on a limited space ramdisk or is otherwise restricted, or if external storages which do not support streaming are in use.

The Web server user must have write access to this directory.

'hashingCost' => 10,

The hashing cost used by hashes generated by ownCloud Using a higher value requires more time and CPU power to calculate the hashes

'blacklisted_files' => array('.htaccess'),

Blacklist a specific file or files and disallow the upload of files with this name. .htaccess is blocked by default.


Use this only if you know what you are doing.

'excluded_directories' =>
        array (

Exclude specific directory names and disallow scanning, creating and renaming using these names. Case insensitive.

Excluded directory names are queried at any path part like at the beginning, in the middle or at the end and will not be further processed if found. Please see the documentation for details and examples. Use when the storage backend supports eg snapshot directories to be excluded.


Use this only if you know what you are doing.

'share_folder' => '/',

Define a default folder for shared files and folders other than root.

'theme' => '',

If you are applying a theme to ownCloud, enter the name of the theme here.

The default location for themes is owncloud/themes/.

'cipher' => 'AES-256-CFB',

The default cipher for encrypting files. Currently AES-128-CFB and AES-256-CFB are supported.

'minimum.supported.desktop.version' => '2.0.0',

The minimum ownCloud desktop client version that will be allowed to sync with this server instance. All connections made from earlier clients will be denied by the server. Defaults to the minimum officially supported ownCloud version at the time of release of this server version.

When changing this, note that older unsupported versions of the ownCloud desktop client may not function as expected, and could lead to permanent data loss for clients or other unexpected results.

'quota_include_external_storage' => false,


The option of whether to include external storage in quota calculation defaults to false.

'filesystem_check_changes' => 0,

Specifies how often the local filesystem (the ownCloud data/ directory, and NFS mounts in data/) is checked for changes made outside ownCloud. This does not apply to external storages.

0 -> Never check the filesystem for outside changes, provides a performance increase when it’s certain that no changes are made directly to the filesystem

1 -> Check each file or folder at most once per request, recommended for general use if outside changes might happen.

'part_file_in_storage' => true,

By default ownCloud will store the part files created during upload in the same storage as the upload target. Setting this to false will store the part files in the root of the users folder which might be required to work with certain external storage setups that have limited rename capabilities.

'mount_file' => '/var/www/owncloud/data/mount.json',

Where mount.json file should be stored, defaults to data/mount.json in the ownCloud directory.

'filesystem_cache_readonly' => false,

When true, prevent ownCloud from changing the cache due to changes in the filesystem for all storage.

'secret' => '',

Secret used by ownCloud for various purposes, e.g. to encrypt data. If you lose this string there will be data corruption.

'trusted_proxies' => array('', ''),

List of trusted proxy servers

If you configure these also consider setting forwarded_for_headers which otherwise defaults to HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR (the X-Forwarded-For header).

'forwarded_for_headers' => array('HTTP_X_FORWARDED', 'HTTP_FORWARDED_FOR'),

Headers that should be trusted as client IP address in combination with trusted_proxies. If the HTTP header looks like ‘X-Forwarded-For’, then use ‘HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR’ here.

If set incorrectly, a client can spoof their IP address as visible to ownCloud, bypassing access controls and making logs useless!

Defaults to ‘HTTP_X_FORWARED_FOR’ if unset

'max_filesize_animated_gifs_public_sharing' => 10,

max file size for animating gifs on public-sharing-site.

If the gif is bigger, it’ll show a static preview

Value represents the maximum filesize in megabytes. Default is 10. Set to -1 for no limit.

'filelocking.enabled' => true,

Enables transactional file locking.

This is enabled by default.

Prevents concurrent processes from accessing the same files at the same time. Can help prevent side effects that would be caused by concurrent operations. Mainly relevant for very large installations with many users working with shared files.

'filelocking.ttl' => 3600,

Set the time-to-live for locks in secconds.

Any lock older than this will be automatically cleaned up.

If not set this defaults to either 1 hour or the php max_execution_time, whichever is higher.

'memcache.locking' => '\\OC\\Memcache\\Redis',

Memory caching backend for file locking

Because most memcache backends can clean values without warning using redis is highly recommended to avoid data loss.

'upgrade.disable-web' => false,

Disable the web based updater

'debug' => false,

Set this ownCloud instance to debugging mode

Only enable this for local development and not in production environments This will disable the minifier and outputs some additional debug information

'data-fingerprint' => '',

Sets the data-fingerprint of the current data served

This is a property used by the clients to find out if a backup has been restored on the server. Once a backup is restored run ./occ maintenance:data-fingerprint To set this to a new value.

Updating/Deleting this value can make connected clients stall until the user has resolved conflicts.

'copied_sample_config' => true,

This entry is just here to show a warning in case somebody copied the sample configuration. DO NOT ADD THIS SWITCH TO YOUR CONFIGURATION!

If you, brave person, have read until here be aware that you should not modify ANY settings in this file without reading the documentation.

'files_external_allow_create_new_local' => false,

Set this property to true if you want to enable the files_external local mount Option.

Default: false

App config options

Retention for activities of the activity app:

'activity_expire_days' => 365,

Every day a cron job is ran, which deletes all activities for all users which are older then the number of days that is set for activity_expire_days

'wnd.logging.enable' => true,

This enables debug logs for the windows_network_drive app.

Overriding Existing Parameter Values Using Environment Variables

ownCloud supports the ability to override the web UI, command line, and Cron environment settings by using environment variables. By doing so, you avoid the need to store credentials and other sensitive data in code. What’s more, by using environment variables, you do not have to manage configurations (e.g., database connections) for different server environments, because environment variables store this information for you.

To override an existing setting, you need to export an environment variable which has the same name as the one which you want to override, prefixed with OC_. For example, if you wanted to override the value of dbname, you would set the environment variable OC_dbname.

Below are examples of setting an environment variable in the Apache and Nginx web servers, and for when running command line scripts.

Apache Web Server

# Inside a virtual host configuration
SetEnv OC_dbname owncloud_database_name

Nginx Web Server (php-fpm)

location / {
    fastcgi_param OC_dbname owncloud_database_name

Command Line

# export the variable into the environment before launching the Cron script
export OC_dbname=owncloud_database_name php -d variables_order=EGPCS cron.php